Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Marco Dente (Print made by)artist bio
Dente [da Ravenna], Marco
b Ravenna; d Rome, 1527

Raphael (After)artist bio
Raphael [Santi, Raffaello; Sanzio, Raffaello]
b Urbino, 28 March or 6 April 1483; d Rome, 6 April 1520
Title / Description
The Birth of Venus
 
Date
c. 1516
 
Technique
engraving
Material
paper
Dimensions
267 x 178 mm (sheet, trimmed close to platemark)
Inscriptions
Signed with monogram 'SR' on the shell at lower centre
State
first state of three
 
WatermarkWatermark
visible, height: 83 mm, width: 40 mm
Provenance
Ernest-Théophile Devaulx (Lugt 2667)
unidentified (Lugt 1950)
Nikolaus Esterházy (not stamped)
 
References
Bartsch XIV.243.323 (first state of two) info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Passavant VI.69.31 info
Johann David Passavant, Le peintre-graveur, 6 vols., Leipzig 1860-64

Shoemaker 1981, no. 62 info
Innis H. Shoemaker, The Engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi, exhibition catalogue, Kansas, Spencer Museum of Art 1981

Rome 1985, p. 61, no. I.1 (first state of three) info
Grazia Bernini Pezzini, Stefania Massari et al., Raphael invenit: Stampe da Raffaello nelle collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, exhibition catalogue, Rome, Calcografia Nazionale 1985

Rome 1993, no. 31 (first state of two) info
Giulio Romano pinxit et delineavit: Opere grafiche autografe di collaborazione e bottega, Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, ed. Stefania Massari, exhibition catalogue, Rome, Palazzo della Farnesina 1993

Imolesi Pozzi 2008, no. 3 info
Antonella Imolesi Pozzi, Marco Dente: Un incisore ravennate nel segno di Raffaello: Le stampe delle Raccolte Piancastelli, Ravenna 2008
 
Comment
One of six scenes engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi's workshop after the lost frescoes of the Stufetta of Cardinal Bibbiena, completed 20 June 1516 by Giulio Romano and Giovanni Francesco Penni after Raphael's designs. The date on Agostino Musi's Venus Wounded by Cupid's Dart (Bartsch XIV.218.286) suggests a possible date for all the prints made after the cycle. The composition is a Raphaelesque interpretation of antique prototypes. A drawing in the British Museum, inv. no. 1939,0201.1, attributed to Giulio Romano, corresponds to the figure of Venus in reverse, while another one in the same direction is preserved in Staatlishe Graphische Sammlung, Munich (Harprath, Italienische Zeichnungen des 16 Jahrhunderts aus eigenem Besitz, Munich 1977, no. 77). However, Massari in Rome 1993 supposes a detailed drawing by Giulio Romano that served as model for Dente's print.
 
Inventory Number
6848
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted I
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