Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Print made by)artist bio
Caraglio, Giovanni Jacopo
b Verona or Parma, c. 1500–05; d ?Kraków, 26 Aug 1565

Rosso Fiorentino (After)artist bio
Rosso Fiorentino [Giovanni Battista di Jacopo Rosso]
b Florence, 8 March 1494; d ?Fontainebleau, 14 Nov 1540

Antonio Salamanca (Published by)artist bio
Salamanca, Antonio (Martínez [Martini; Martino] de)
b ?Salamanca, Spain, 1478; d Rome, 5 July, 1562
Title / Description
The Muses and the Pierides
 
Date
late 1524
 
Technique
engraving
Material
paper
Dimensions
245 x 386 mm (sheet, trimmed close to platemark)
Inscriptions
Inscribed in the margin: 'AVSAE CVM MVSIS COMMITERE PROETIA VOCE VICTAE NVNC VOLITANT IMMITANTES OMNIA PICAE' and with publisher's address lower right: 'Ant. Sal. exc'
State
fourth state of six
 
WatermarkWatermark
visible, height: 86 mm, width: 42 mm
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XV.89.53 (first state of two) info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Herbet vol. III, p. 136 info
Felix Herbet, Les graveurs de l'École de Fontainebleau, unchanged reprint of the articles published in the Annales de la Société Historique & Archéologique du Gatinas 1896-1902, Amsterdam 1969

Paris 1972, no. 285 (entry by Henri Zerner) info
L'École de Fontainebleau, ed. Michel Laclotte, exhibition catalogue, Paris, Grand Palais 1972

Washington 1987, no. 17 (fourth state of six) info
Rosso Fiorentino: Drawings, Prints, and Decorative Arts, ed. Eugene A. Carroll, exhibition catalogue, Washington, National Gallery of Art 1987

Cirillo Archer in TIB 1995, 2802.053.S4 (fourth state
of six) info
Madeline Cirillo Archer, Italian Masters of the Sixteenth Century, The Illustrated Bartsch, vol. 28, Part 1 (Commentary), New York 1995
 
Comment
Giorgio Vasari mentioned this print as Jacopo Caraglio's third work engraved in Rome after Rosso Fiorentino's design (Lives, vol. 5, pp. 424-25). While no drawing for the print survived, Carroll in Washington 1987 retained the Rosso attribution and suggested the composition was inspired by Raphael's early drawings for the Parnassus, probably known to Rosso through Marcantonio Raimondi's engraving (Bartsch XIV.200.247). However, the image is also related to Rosso's late Florentine works, as well as to antique statues. The inscription of Caraglio's print refers to a story in Ovid's Metamorphoses (V, 294-678). The worn-out plate was completely reworked by Enea Vico, see TIB 2808.053.S5 [TIB 30, B.28 (295)] and our inv. no. 8041.
 
Inventory Number
6777
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted I
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