Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Print made by)artist bio
Caraglio, Giovanni Jacopo
b Verona or Parma, c. 1500–05; d ?Kraków, 26 Aug 1565

Francesco Villamena (Reworked by)artist bio
Villamena, Francesco
b Assisi, 1564; d Rome, 7 July 1624

Rosso Fiorentino (After)artist bio
Rosso Fiorentino [Giovanni Battista di Jacopo Rosso]
b Florence, 8 March 1494; d ?Fontainebleau, 14 Nov 1540

Carlo Losi (Published by)artist bio
Losi, Carlo
fl 1757-after 1805
Title / Description
Saturn, plate 1 from the series of The Gods in Niches
212 x 111 mm (sheet, trimmed close to platemark)
Signed and dated on a tablet lower right: 'IACOBVS/CARALIVS/VERONEM/SIS.FECIT/1526', inscribed in the margin: 'DIVORVM GENITOR SVMMI SATVRNVS OLYMPI', and above with publisher's address: 'In Roma 1771 a Spese di Carlo Losi.'
fourth state of four
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
Bartsch XV.77.24 (second state of two) info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Washington 1987, no. 21 info
Rosso Fiorentino: Drawings, Prints, and Decorative Arts, ed. Eugene A. Carroll, exhibition catalogue, Washington, National Gallery of Art 1987

Cirillo Archer in TIB 1995, 2802.024.S4 (fourth state
of four) info
Madeline Cirillo Archer, Italian Masters of the Sixteenth Century, The Illustrated Bartsch, vol. 28, Part 1 (Commentary), New York 1995
Giorgio Vasari mentioned that the series was made from drawings commissioned from Rosso by Baviera. Only two of Rosso's drawings have survived, one for Pluto (Lyon, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, inv. no. 447/a), the other for Bacchus (Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie, Besancon, inv. no. D. 1444), both probably made in 1526, the date that appears on the first print of the series, Saturn. The inscriptions of the prints are not specifically related to the representations and in several cases the names of the Gods are not even given. Vasari referred to the series as made for a book, but no set has been found that was bound as a book. The prints are numbered and form a regularly alternating sequence of gods and goddesses. In Rosso's inventions the figures may not be interpreted as statues, and the niche setting emphasizes the departure from the conventional relationship: none of them stays within the place provided. The plates were reworked by Francesco Villamena, no earlier than 1590, most probably in the early years of the seventeenth century. The Villamena edition is recorded as the third state, in which the most notable difference is the shading on the top and at the sides of the niches. Fourth state impressions were published by Carlo Losi in 1771 in Rome. For a detailed description of the states, see Carroll in Washington 1987, p. 124, note 1.
Inventory Number
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted I
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