Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Print made by)artist bio
Caraglio, Giovanni Jacopo
b Verona or Parma, c. 1500–05; d ?Kraków, 26 Aug 1565

Rosso Fiorentino (After)artist bio
Rosso Fiorentino [Giovanni Battista di Jacopo Rosso]
b Florence, 8 March 1494; d ?Fontainebleau, 14 Nov 1540

Baviera (Published by)artist bio
Baviera [Bononia, Baveram de; Carocci, Baverio de’]
fl c. 1515–after 1527
Title / Description
Hercules Killing Cerberus, from the series The Labors and Adventures of Hercules
 
Date
1524
 
Technique
engraving
Material
paper
Dimensions
224 x 185 mm (sheet, trimmed close to platemark)
Inscriptions
no
State
first state of three
 
Watermark
visible, width: 43 mm
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XV.85.44 (first state two) info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Washington 1987, no. 9 info
Rosso Fiorentino: Drawings, Prints, and Decorative Arts, ed. Eugene A. Carroll, exhibition catalogue, Washington, National Gallery of Art 1987

Cirillo Archer in TIB 1995, 2802.044.S1 (first state of
three) info
Madeline Cirillo Archer, Italian Masters of the Sixteenth Century, The Illustrated Bartsch, vol. 28, Part 1 (Commentary), New York 1995
 
Comment
The series was made as one of Jacopo Caraglio's first collaborations with the publisher Baviera, and Vasari noted it followed upon the success of the Fury (Bartsch XV.92.58, see our inv. no. 6772.) According to Carroll in Washington 1987, stylistically on Rosso's part and technically on Caraglio's, the series appears to be somewhat later than the Fury. Rosso Fiorentino's original designs, today lost, were probably influenced by Roman sarcophagi, see Cirillo Archer in TIB. Their manner resembles Roman works by Giulio Romano, Perino del Vaga and Polidoro da Caravaggio, but no actual relationship may be specified to their art. Strictly only two of the canonical twelve labors of Hercules are represented (Hercules Killing Cerberus and Hercules Killing the Hydra). For the sources of the compositions, see Washington 1987.
 
Inventory Number
6711
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted I
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