Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Giulio Bonasone (Print made by)artist bio
Bonasone, Giulio (di Antonio)
b Bologna, c. 1510; d Bologna, after 1576

Michelangelo (After)artist bio
Michelangelo (Buonarroti) [Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni]
b Caprese, ?6 March 1475; d Rome, 18 Feb 1564
Title / Description
The Last Judgement
 
Date
c. 1541-50
 
Technique
engraving
Material
paper
Dimensions
582 x 447 mm (sheet, trimmed)
Inscriptions
Inscribed at top: 'ALEXANDRI/CAR/FARNESII/LIBERA/LITA/TE' and at bottom left: 'IVLIVS Bonasonius Bonon e propria MIchaelis Angeli pictura quae est in Vaticano. nigro lapillo excepit. in aesq. incidit'; and at lower right: 'Cum privilegio Summi Pontificis'
State
second state of five
 
Watermark
visible, height: 95 mm, width: 36 mm
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XV.132.80 info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Massari 1983, no. 79a (second state of six) info
Stefania Massari, Giulio Bonasone, exhibition catalogue, 2 vols., Rome, Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica 1983

Cirillo Archer in TIB 1995, 2803.080 S2 (second state
of five) info
Madeline Cirillo Archer, Italian Masters of the Sixteenth Century, The Illustrated Bartsch, vol. 28, Part 1 (Commentary), New York 1995

London 1999, no. 96 info
The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, ed. Frances Carey, exhibition catalogue, London, The British Museum 1999

Bury 2001, no. 143 info
Michael Bury, The Print in Italy 1550-1620, exhibition catalogue, London, The British Museum 2001

Gramaccini and Meier 2009, no. 99 info
Norberto Gramaccini and Hans Jacob Meier, Die Kunst der Interpretation: Italienische Reproduktionsgrafik 1485-1600, Berlin and Munich 2009
 
Comment
The print was among the earliest copies of the fresco. It was commissioned by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese and engraved with the privilege of Pope Paul III, published first by Antonio Salamanca. According to Massari, its immediate antecedent was Niccolo della Casa's print. Cirillo Archer in TIB notes that owing to the popularity of the subject, the plate was repeatedly reworked and sharp impressions are difficult to find. He does not agree with six existing states distinguished by Massari. Bury in 2001 notes that Bonasone primarily described the overall composition and simplified the figures. For print variations after Michelangelo's fresco (by Giulio Bonasone, Giorgio Ghisi and Nicolas Beatrizet), see Michael Bury, Niccolo della Casa's Last Judgement Dissected, Print Quarterly (2010) XXVII, pp. 3-10.
 
Inventory Number
6439
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted II
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