Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Andrea Schiavone (Print made by)artist bio
Schiavone, Andrea [Meldolla; Meduli?, Andrija]
b ?Zara [now Zadar], ?c. 1510; d Venice, 1 Dec 1563
Title / Description
Bellona (or Minerva?)
 
Date
c. 1546-52
 
Technique
etching
Material
paper
Dimensions
208 x 109 mm (sheet, trimmed)
Inscriptions
no
State
fourth state
 
Watermark
no
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XVI.68.77 info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Stanley in Bryan 1858, no. 77 (listed two states) info
George Stanley, 'Andrea Meldolla,' in Michael Bryan, Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, London 1858

Fröhlich-Bum 1913-14, p. 219 (first state of two) info
Lili Fröhlich-Bum, 'Andrea Meldolla, genannt Schiavone,' Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des Allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses 31 (1913-14), pp. 135-220

Richardson 1980, no. 77 info
Francis L. Richardson, Andrea Schiavone, Oxford 1980

Van der Sman 2003, no. IV.6 (only state?) info
Gert Jan van der Sman, Le siècle de Titien: Gravures vénitiennes de la Renaissance, exhibition catalogue, Maastricht, Bonnefantenmuseum and Bruges, Musée des Beaux-Arts 2003
 
Comment
Van der Sman pointed out that the invention from which the print derives had a great popularity in the sixteenth century: five surviving drawings represent Bellona or Minerva in this rich costume. He reproduces an anonymous drawing in Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett, which includes soldiers next to her figure suggesting it is part of a larger composition and probably taken from a Roman facade fresco. James Byam Shaw supposed that Parmigianino participated in this facade decoration, for which he executed two drawings: one in the Louvre, inv. no. 6493, the other at the Accademia, Venice, inv. no. 502 (Popham cat. nos. 477 and 599). This etching was preceded by Schiavone's drawing today in the Pushkin Museum, Moscow, inv. no. 6643, which clearly shows Parmigianino's influence and is pendant to Schiavone's Bellona, see under our inv. no. 6326. According to Chiara Callegari's note on the mat, this is a fourth state impression.
 
Inventory Number
6327
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted I
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