Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Anonymous Artist (Print made by)artist bio
Anonymous Artist

Antonio Salamanca (Published by)artist bio
Salamanca, Antonio (Martínez [Martini; Martino] de)
b ?Salamanca, Spain, 1478; d Rome, 5 July, 1562
Title / Description
Alexander and the High Priest Ammon [St Ambrose Refusing Emperor Theodosius' Entry to the Church]
 
Date
c. 1545
 
Technique
engraving
Material
paper
Dimensions
255 x 196 mm (sheet, trimmed close to platemark)
Inscriptions
Inscribed with publisher's address lower left: 'Ant. Sal. exc.'
State
second state of two
 
WatermarkWatermark
visible, height: 62 mm, width: 25 mm
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XV.22.1 (School of Raimondi, probably after
Andrea del Sarto) info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Hind V.299.27 info
Arthur Mayger Hind, Early Italian Engraving: A Critical Catalogue with Complete Reproduction of All the Prints Described, vols. 1-4 (part 1, Florentine Engravings and Anonymous Prints of Other Schools), London 1938; vols. 5-7 (part 2, Known Masters Other Than Florentines, Monogrammists and Anonymous), London 1948

Davis 1988, no. 15 (attributed to Giulio Bonasone,
after Perino del Vaga) info
Bruce Davis, Mannerist Prints: International Style in the Sixteenth Century, exhibition catalogue, Los Angeles, County Museum of Art 1988

Cirillo Archer in TIB 1995, 2801.023.S2 (Anonymous
Artist, second state of two) info
Madeline Cirillo Archer, Italian Masters of the Sixteenth Century, The Illustrated Bartsch, vol. 28, Part 1 (Commentary), New York 1995

Boorsch 1989, p. 189 (probably by Jacob Bos, and doubts
Perino's role as inventor) info
Suzanne Boorsch, 'Mannerist Prints' book review of Bruce Davis, Mannerist Prints: International Style in the Sixteenth Century, exhibition catalogue Los Angeles County Museum of Art 1988', Print Quarterly 6 (1989), pp. 187-90.
 
Comment
The attribution of this engraving remains open; Oberhuber in 1973 suggested the Master IRS, Davis gave it to Giulio Bonasone on the basis of the manner of modelling, while Boorsch argued for Jacob Bos. The designer is also uncertain: the composition was assigned to Andrea del Sarto (by Heinecken), Perino del Vaga, and Taddeo Zuccaro as well. Oberhuber showed that a medal by Alessandro Cesati made for Pope Paul III in 1545 is very close to the print, with its composition in reverse. The same scene appears in Marco Pino's fresco of 1546 in the Sala Paolina, Castel Sant'Angelo, Rome. The iconography of the print is also disputed. For all these undecided issues, see Cirillo Archer in TIB.
 
Inventory Number
5887
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted I
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