Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Antonio Fantuzzi (Print made by)artist bio
Fantuzzi, Antonio
b ?Bologna; fl Fontainebleau, 1537-50

Rosso Fiorentino (Probably after)artist bio
Rosso Fiorentino [Giovanni Battista di Jacopo Rosso]
b Florence, 8 March 1494; d ?Fontainebleau, 14 Nov 1540
Title / Description
Hercules and Cacus
 
Date
c. 1543
 
Technique
etching
Material
paper
Dimensions
276 x 219 mm (platemark)
Inscriptions
no
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XVI.399.59 (as Anonymous Artist) info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Herbet undescribed info
Felix Herbet, Les graveurs de l'École de Fontainebleau, unchanged reprint of the articles published in the Annales de la Société Historique & Archéologique du Gatinas 1896-1902, Amsterdam 1969

Zerner 1969, AF. 67 (as Antonio Fantuzzi) info
Henri Zerner, Die Schule von Fontainebleau: Das graphische Werk, Vienna 1969

Paris 1972, no. 322 (entry by Henri Zerner) info
L'École de Fontainebleau, ed. Michel Laclotte, exhibition catalogue, Paris, Grand Palais 1972

Los Angeles, New York, and Paris 1994, no. 43 (entry by
Suzanne Boorsch) info
The French Renaissance in Prints from the Bibliotheque Nationale de France, ed. Karen Jacobson, exhibition catalogue, Los Angeles, UCLA at the Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Cultural Center, New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale de France 1994

Gramaccini and Meier 2009, no. 121 info
Norberto Gramaccini and Hans Jacob Meier, Die Kunst der Interpretation: Italienische Reproduktionsgrafik 1485-1600, Berlin and Munich 2009
 
Comment
The composition is traditionally attributed to Rosso Fiorentino, but its purpose remains unknown. Bartsch misinterpreted the subject as Hercules Killing Antaeus, Zerner identified it as Hercules and Cacus, but Suzanne Boorsch in Los Angeles 1994 found this also problematic. Suzanne Boorsch in her entry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 1987/1988, p. 39, claims that the desiogn for the Hercules and Cacus may have been executed at an earlier date, for there exists a series of six labors and adventures of Hercules, drawn by Rosso and engraved by Jacopo Caraglio in Rome in about 1524, similar to this print in format and figural and compositional type. The series was especially planned for the print medium, one of the earliest examples of this practice. The Hercules and Cacus may have been intended but finally not included in this series.
 
Inventory Number
52303
 
Classification
Prints: French: 16th century: Mounted I
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