Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Giulio Campagnola (Print made by)artist bio
Campagnola, Giulio
b Padua, c. 1482; d Venice, after 1517

Andrea Mantegna (After)artist bio
Mantegna, Andrea
b Isola di Carturo, nr Padua, 1430-31; d Mantua 13 Sept 1506

Giorgione (After)artist bio
Giorgione [Zorzi da Castelfranco; Zorzon]
b Castelfranco Veneto, ?1477–8; d Venice, before 7 Nov 1510

Nicolò Nelli (Published by)artist bio
Nelli, Nicolò
b Venice 1535!45; d Venice 1576/85
Title / Description
St John the Baptist
 
Date
c. 1510-15
 
Technique
engraving with stipple
Material
paper
Dimensions
343 x 236 mm (platemark)
Inscriptions
Signed upper left: 'IVLIVS CAMPAGNOLA/.F.' and inscribed with publisher's address lower right: 'Appresso Nicolo Nelli/in Venetia'
State
later state
 
Watermark
not visible through mount
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XIII.371.3 (as Giulio Campagnola, copy after
Girolamo Mozzetto) info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Hind V.201.12 info
Arthur Mayger Hind, Early Italian Engraving: A Critical Catalogue with Complete Reproduction of All the Prints Described, vols. 1-4 (part 1, Florentine Engravings and Anonymous Prints of Other Schools), London 1938; vols. 5-7 (part 2, Known Masters Other Than Florentines, Monogrammists and Anonymous), London 1948

Levenson, Oberhuber, and Sheehan 1973, no. 149 (entry
by Konrad Oberhuber) info
Jay A. Levenson, Konrad Oberhuber, and Jacquelyn L. Sheehan, Early Italian Engravings from the National Gallery of Art, exhibition catalogue, Washington, National Gallery of Art 1973

Landau in London 1983, no. P10 info
David Landau, 'Printmaking in Venice and the Veneto' in The Genius of Venice 1500-1600, eds. Jane Martineau and Charles Hope, exhibition catalogue, London, Royal Academy of Arts 1983, pp. 303-54

Zucker in TIB 1984, 2518.005 (only state) info
Mark J. Zucker, Early Italian Masters, The Illustrated Bartsch, vol. 25, Part 2 (Commentary), New York 1984

Van der Sman 2003, no. II.1 (as after Andrea Mantegna
and Giorgione) info
Gert Jan van der Sman, Le siècle de Titien: Gravures vénitiennes de la Renaissance, exhibition catalogue, Maastricht, Bonnefantenmuseum and Bruges, Musée des Beaux-Arts 2003

Gramaccini and Meier 2009, no. 40 info
Norberto Gramaccini and Hans Jacob Meier, Die Kunst der Interpretation: Italienische Reproduktionsgrafik 1485-1600, Berlin and Munich 2009
 
Comment
Van der Sman 2003 demonstrated that Giulio Campagnola executed the print in several phases. First, the contours of the figure were copied from Andrea Mantegna's drawing, already lost, but used also for Girolamo Mocetto's engraving of the same subject (Bartsch XIII.219.5). Then he executed the landscape, after a design now in the Louvre, inv. no. RF 1979, attributed to Giorgione, to which the saint's figure was added later by another artist. According to Landau in London 1983, this is the only large print by Giulio and is close to late fifteenth-century Manuan prints. Landau argued that Giulio finsihed the figure and then he (and not Giuorgine) drew only the landscape around it. On the contrary, Van der Smaan 2003 concluded Campagnola's print was the result of a direct collaboration with Giorgione and therefore suggested a date of c. 1505-10. As compared to the Louvre drawing, the foreground and the sky are simplified in the print. (For the possible attribution of the Louvre drawing to Titian, see W. Roger Rearick, Il disegno veneziano del Cinquecento, Milan 2001, pp. 34-36.) Nicolo Nelli's publisher's address suggests a later edition around the late 1560s.
 
Inventory Number
5001
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 15th century: Mounted I
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